Regular Papers

International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems 2020; 18(7): 1671-1678

Published online February 4, 2020

https://doi.org/10.1007/s12555-019-0302-3

© The International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems

Robust Integral Sliding Mode Control Design for Stability Enhancement of Under-actuated Quadcopter

Safeer Ullah, Adeel Mehmood, Qudrat Khan, Sakhi Rehman, and Jamshed Iqbal*

University of Jeddah

Abstract

In this paper, a robust backstepping integral sliding mode control (RBISMC) technique is designed for the flight control of a quadcopter, which is an under-actuated nonlinear system. First, the mathematical model of this highly coupled and under-actuated system is described in the presence of dissipative drag forces. Second, a robust control algorithm is designed for the derived model to accurately track the desired outputs while ensuring the stability of attitude, altitude and position of the quadcopter. A step by step mathematical analysis, based on the Lyapunov stability theory, is performed that endorses the stability of both the fully-actuated and under-actuated subsystems of the aforementioned model. The comparison of proposed RBISMC control algorithm, with fraction order integral sliding mode control (FOISMC), affirms the enhanced performance in terms of faster states convergence, improved chattering free tracking and more robustness against uncertainties in the system.

Keywords Backstepping, integral sliding mode control, quadcopter, under-actuated, unmanned aerial vehicle

Article

Regular Papers

International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems 2020; 18(7): 1671-1678

Published online July 1, 2020 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12555-019-0302-3

Copyright © The International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems.

Robust Integral Sliding Mode Control Design for Stability Enhancement of Under-actuated Quadcopter

Safeer Ullah, Adeel Mehmood, Qudrat Khan, Sakhi Rehman, and Jamshed Iqbal*

University of Jeddah

Abstract

In this paper, a robust backstepping integral sliding mode control (RBISMC) technique is designed for the flight control of a quadcopter, which is an under-actuated nonlinear system. First, the mathematical model of this highly coupled and under-actuated system is described in the presence of dissipative drag forces. Second, a robust control algorithm is designed for the derived model to accurately track the desired outputs while ensuring the stability of attitude, altitude and position of the quadcopter. A step by step mathematical analysis, based on the Lyapunov stability theory, is performed that endorses the stability of both the fully-actuated and under-actuated subsystems of the aforementioned model. The comparison of proposed RBISMC control algorithm, with fraction order integral sliding mode control (FOISMC), affirms the enhanced performance in terms of faster states convergence, improved chattering free tracking and more robustness against uncertainties in the system.

Keywords: Backstepping, integral sliding mode control, quadcopter, under-actuated, unmanned aerial vehicle

IJCAS
February 2024

Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 347~729

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